Puppies are the usual targets of potty training, but older dogs sometimes are not housebroken too. If tackling the latter, a few different techniques are in order. It should take less time and have effective results. You must dedicate yourself to the task, however, and be consistent. A crate is fine to start as with new pups at home. Six bathroom breaks seem to be average for most dogs, and each time a round of praise works wonders. Never punish for accidents, especially those you do not witness.
Articles on how to potty train a dog state that crates are used day one when the puppy comes home. Bladder and bowel control can easily be taught this way. Few animals enjoy soiling their sleeping and eating area. The crate must be an appropriate size, not too big or too small. The dog should be able to stand, turn, and lie down comfortably. Never let him or her use an area of the crate as a bathroom spot. Of course, let the pet out for walks and exercise. It is the perfect time to train and bond at the same time. Don’t let the animal feel trapped or he will get frustrated.
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A dog might get “caught in the act” and this is to be expected, but you don’t want to scare him by yelling or scolding. Perhaps just a loud clap will do to draw attention to the “problem.” Take the pet outside immediately (not five minutes later) to make your point. If he goes, praise him or offer a treat. Punishing doesn’t work as well as a reward. Don’t make the dog fear the elimination experience and resort to hiding.
Watch your pet’s behavior as dogs are known to give signals when they need to go. They will scratch at the door, for example, or come and get you. You can avoid accidents by paying close attention. You can sometimes eliminate the need for a crate if you are observant.